Editor: Jérémie Schiettecatte
|Ancient name||Ḥmrw (?) / Tḥty (?)|
|Geographical area||Jawf - Wādī Madhab|
|Coordinates||Latitude: 16° 12' 6.8" Longitude: 44° 38' 25"|
|Type of site||Settlement|
Light hydraulic structure (ex. canal, well)
|Location and toponomy||Al-Ḥarâshif lies on the left bank of the wâdî Madhâb, 3.5 km north of as-Sawdâʾ and 6 km north-west of Kamna. The site is on the border between two tribes, the Banî Nawf and the dhû-Ḥusayn.|
Two place names mentioned in the inscriptions in situ suggest the ancient name of the site: Ḥmrw (al-Ḥarâshif 2) or Tḥty (al-Ḥarâshif 3).
|History of research||1951: Tawfiq displays the site of al-Ḥarâshif on a map of the Jawf (Tawfiq 1951, pl. 1).|
1983: visit of French Archaeological Mission in the Yemen Arab Republic (dir. Ch. Robin)
|General description||Al-Ḥarâshif is a small tell where walls in mud bricks outcrop to the south. A small fort built in raw earth overlooks the site. One well was dug to the south of the site, another on top of the hill. |
Some scattered or reemployed blocks from the wells probably come from ancient buildings.
Only three inscriptions from this site are known today: al-Ḥarâshif 1 to 3. Two of them are construction texts.
Robin (1992) offered the hypothesis that al-Ḥarâshif depended on the kingdom of Kamna on the basis of two elements:
- the author of al-Ḥarâshif 2 is most probably a king of Kamna;
- the letter "ṭ" with a horizontal bar is a form that can also be found in inscription Kamna 22.
|Chronology||The only elements that suggest a date for the occupation of the site refer to the writing style of inscriptions al-Ḥarâshif 2 and 3, in the palaeographic styles A and B3 defined by Jacqueline Pirenne, dated to the 8th-7th centuries BC.|
|near Kharibat Hamdān (Hrm)|
|Robin 1995 a||Robin, Christian J. 1995. Des villes dans le Jawf du Yémen ?. Semitica, 43-44: 141-161. |
|Robin 1992 a: 197-201||Robin, Christian J. 1992. Inabbaʾ, Haram, al-Kāfir, Kamna et al-Ḥarāshif. Fasc. A: Les documents. Fasc. B: Les planches. Inventaire des inscriptions sudarabiques. 1. Paris: de Boccard / Rome: Herder. [Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres; Istituto italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente]|