OCIANA

Online Corpus of the Inscriptions of Ancient North Arabia


INSCRIPTION INFORMATION

LanguageAncient North Arabian » Oasis North Arabian » Dadanitic
AlphabetAncient North Arabian
Script typologyMonumental writing
Writing techniqueIncision
Textual typologyDedicatory text

GENERAL NOTES

Line 2. The mason apparently began the ġ of ḏġbt and then started again producing a strange approximation to the letter.
Due to a crack on the rock face, the first line is shorter than those below it. The lines are not aligned on the left side.
For discussion, see Déroche and Macdonald.
For the place names, see Hidalgo-Chacón Díez.

TEXT


   1  Mqḥ s¹lḥ
   2  ḏ-(Ġ)bt ʾẓll b-Khl
   3  ʿly m-kn l-h b-Ḏ
   4  ṯʿʿl mn dṯʾ w-ḫrf
   5  f-rḍ-h w-ʾṯb-h

Apparatus
1Stiehl followed by al-Qudra and Farès-Drappeau reads only the last letter of the first name. Abū l-Ḥasan reads mqḥn rather than mqḥ.
2Abū l-Ḥasan reads ʾṭll for ʾẓll.

TRANSLATIONS

English

   1  Mqḥ the priest of
   2  ḏ-Ġbt performed [the ẓll-ceremony] at Khl
   3  for that which belongs to him in Ḏ-
   4  ṯʿʿl of the crops of the season of later and the first rains
   5  and so favour him and reward him.
4For the translation of dṯʾ and ḫrf see Macdonald.
For other translations and commentaries see the bibliography.
Stiehl 1971: 30-31 (D 01), pl. 34Stiehl, Ruth 1971. Neue liḥyānische Inschriften aus al-‛Uḏaib. Pages 3-40 in Altheim, Franz and Stiehl, Ruth (ed.). Christentum am Roten Meer I. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter.
Macdonald 1992: 2-4Macdonald, Michael C.A. 1992. The Seasons and Transhumance in the Safaitic Inscriptions. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 3, 2/1: 1-11.
al-Qudra 1993: 24 (L 034)al-Qudra, Ḥusayn M. 1993. Dirāsa muʿǧamīya li-ʾalfāẓ an-nuqūš al-liḥyānīya fī ʾiṭār al-luġāt as-sāmīya al-ǧanūbīya. (MA).
Abū l-Ḥasan 1418/1997: 95-96 (AH 018), pl. 3 (facsimile)Abū l-Ḥasan, Ḥusayn 1418/1997. Qirāʾa li-kitābāt liḥyānīya min ǧabal ʿIkma bi-minṭaqat al-ʿUlā. ar-Riyāḍ: maktabat al-malik Fahd al-waṭanīya.
Sima 1999c: 21 (U 059), pls 15a and 15bSima, Alexander 1999. Die lihyanischen Inschriften von al-ʿUḏayb (Saudi-Arabien). (Epigraphische Forschungen auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, 1). Rahden/Westf.: Leidorf.
Farès-Drappeau 2005: 207-208 (D 125)Farès-Drappeau, Saba 2005. Dédan et Liḥyân. Histoire des Arabes aux confins des pouvoirs perse et hellénistique (IVe-IIe s. avant l'ère chrétienne). (Travaux de la Maison de l'Orient et de la Mediterranée, 42). Lyon: Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée; J. Pouilloux.

OBJECT INFORMATION

Support typeRock inscription
Link to object record

ORIGIN AND PROVENANCE

Origin
Modern siteal-ʿUlā
Ancient siteDdn
Geographical areaḤijāz
CountrySaudi Arabia
NotesThe inscription is incised on one of the rock faces in the gorge al-ʿUḏayb (Ǧabal ʿIkmah).
Link to site record

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Stiehl 1971: 30-31 (D 01), pl. 34Stiehl, Ruth 1971. Neue liḥyānische Inschriften aus al-‛Uḏaib. Pages 3-40 in Altheim, Franz and Stiehl, Ruth (ed.). Christentum am Roten Meer I. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter.
al-Qudra 1993: 24 (L 034)al-Qudra, Ḥusayn M. 1993. Dirāsa muʿǧamīya li-ʾalfāẓ an-nuqūš al-liḥyānīya fī ʾiṭār al-luġāt as-sāmīya al-ǧanūbīya. (MA).
Abū l-Ḥasan 1418/1997: 95-96 (AH 018), pl. 3 (facsimile)Abū l-Ḥasan, Ḥusayn 1418/1997. Qirāʾa li-kitābāt liḥyānīya min ǧabal ʿIkma bi-minṭaqat al-ʿUlā. ar-Riyāḍ: maktabat al-malik Fahd al-waṭanīya.
Sima 1999c: 21 (U 059), pls 15a and 15bSima, Alexander 1999. Die lihyanischen Inschriften von al-ʿUḏayb (Saudi-Arabien). (Epigraphische Forschungen auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, 1). Rahden/Westf.: Leidorf.
Farès-Drappeau 2005: 207-208 (D 125)Farès-Drappeau, Saba 2005. Dédan et Liḥyân. Histoire des Arabes aux confins des pouvoirs perse et hellénistique (IVe-IIe s. avant l'ère chrétienne). (Travaux de la Maison de l'Orient et de la Mediterranée, 42). Lyon: Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée; J. Pouilloux.
Déroche 1987: 108, 238, 239Déroche, François 1987. Recherches sur l’oasis de Dedan/Al-‘Ulā. (2 Mikrofiches), (PhD).
Macdonald 2004: 508Macdonald, Michael C.A. 2004. Ancient North Arabian. Pages 488-533 in Roger D. Woodard (ed.). The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World’s Ancient Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hidalgo-Chacón Díez 2014Hidalgo-Chacón Díez, María del Carmen 2014. Place Names in the Dadanitic Inscriptions of al-'Uḏayb. Adūmātū, 30: 15-30.
Macdonald (in press)Macdonald, Michael C.A.. Towards a re-assessment of the Ancient North Arabian alphabets used in the oasis of al-ʿUlā. Arabian Epigraphic Notes.