CSAI

Corpus of South Arabian Inscriptions


Pirenne 1981: pl. XIII
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INSCRIPTION INFORMATION

LanguageAncient South Arabian » Qatabanic » Central Qatabanic
AlphabetAncient South Arabian
Script typologyMonumental writing
Writing techniqueIncision
Chronology
PeriodB1
Textual typologyConstruction text

GENERAL NOTES

For the historical comment, see Pi. Ḥuwaydar A.

TEXT


   1  [... ...] bn (Ṣ)wʿ[... ... ..]—
   2  ʿʾb b-Ḍrʾ tqdm[... ... m]—
   3  [lk Q](t)bn gnʾ w-m[ḥfd... ... bn s²rs¹m ʿd ]frʿ(m) w-s²y[.]—
   4  [... ... b]ʾr[n] Ḏtʿt ws¹ṭ [... ...]ḍ(r)[... ...] w-bny w-s¹ḥd[ṯ]
   5  [... ...n](y)hn ḏwy s¹fl ḏ(m)[ ... ...]wʿ[. ](ṯ)ql(n) ḏ[.] ṯqrn b-ʿṯt—
   6  [r w-b ʿm] w-b ʾnby w-b ḏ(t) [Ṣntm w-b ](ḏ)t (Ẓ)hrn w-b Ḥwkm w-b ḏ(t)-
   7  [Rḥbn w-b ]Wb ḏ-Rḍḥm w-b Blw[ ... ... ḏt Ḥ]mym ʿ(ṯ)tr Rḍḥm w-b m—
   8  [rʾ-s¹m Ydʿ]ʾb Ḏbyn Y(h)[nʿm mlk Qtbn] w-b ʾ(ḫy)l [s²]ʿbn ḏ-Ḍrʾ w-ġ[br-s¹m]

Apparatus
2Pirenne's integration: l-mrʾ-s¹m Ydʿʾb Ḏbyn Yhnʿm is almost sure.
3Pirenne integrates: mḥfd hgrn ʿbr bn s²rs¹m.
4Pirenne reads: ʿḏʾrn ḏtʿ without translation.
5Pirenne reads: /hn/ḏwy.
6-7it possible to read: Wb ḏ-R[ḍḥm; Pirenne reads: w-b ḏ-R[ḍḥm w-]b ḏ[..]ḥl w-b Bl[w ḏ-Rymn].

TRANSLATIONS

English

   1  [... ...] son of Ṣwʿ [... ...]-
   2  ʿʾb from Ḍrʾ directed [... ...] the king of
   3  Qatabān the wall and the tower [... ...] from foundation to top [... ...]
   4  [... ...] the well of Ḏtʿt in the middle of[... ...] war [... ...] and built and restored
   5  [... ...] those of the lowland [... ...] by ʿṯt-
   6  r and by ʿm and by ʾnby and by ḏt Ṣntm and by ḏt Ẓhrn and by Ḥwkm and by ḏt
   7  Rḥbn and by Wb ḏ-Rḍḥm and by Blw [... ...] and by ḏt Ḥmym, the divinity of Rḍḥm and by their lord
   8  Ydʿʾb Ḏbyn Yhnʿm king of Qatabān and through the power of the tribe ḏ-Ḍrʾ and their settlers.
7the Robin's hypothesis that ʿṯtr, following ḏt Ḥmym, was a substantive is here accepted (see Robin 2012, 337).

OBJECT INFORMATION

Support typeInscription on architectural structure » Walls
MaterialStone
Link to object record

ORIGIN AND PROVENANCE

Origin and provenance
Modern siteḤuwaydar
Ancient siteʿbr
Geographical areaWādī Ḍura'
CountryYemen
FoundIn situ
Archaeological contextReligious context: City walls
NotesThe inscription is now detached and placed on the ground.
Link to site record

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Pirenne 1981: 228-229, pl. XIIIPirenne, Jacqueline 1981. Deux prospections historiques au sud-Yémen. Raydān, 4: 205-248.
Jamme 1987: 42Jamme, Albert W.F. 1987. Miscellanées d'ancient arabe XV. Washington. [Privately printed]