CSAI

Corpus of Sabaic Inscriptions (work in progress)

Editor: Jérémie Schiettecatte


Temple. Hypothetical Reconstruction.
Rathjens and Wissmann 1932: fig. 31
Image free from copyright

SITE INFORMATION

Ancient nameDmhn
CountryYemen
Geographical areaBanī al-Ḥārith
GovernorateṢanʿāʾ
KingdomSaba
Himyar
CoordinatesLatitude: 15° 33' 2"    Longitude: 44° 9' 25.3"    
Coordinates accuracycertain
Type of siteSettlement
TribeTribe: Ḥmln
Tribe: Mʾḏnm
Tribe: Qrʿmtn
Tribe: Yrs¹m
Lineage: Btʿ
Lineage: Rḍwm
Lineage: Rms¹m
Lineage: S¹ʿr
Lineage: S¹myʿm
Lineage: S¹qrn
Lineage: Tbʿ
Lineage: Ys²l
Deitiesʿṯtr
ḏt Bʿdnm
ḏt-Ḥmy ; ḏt-Ḥmym
S²ms ; S²msm
S²ms-hmw Wynn ; S²ms¹m ḏ-Wynn
Tʾlb Rymm
Tʾlb Rymm bʿl Qdmn ḏ-Dmhn
StructuresDwelling (indeterminate)
Dwelling (concentrated)
Light hydraulic structure (ex. canal, well)
Wells, cisterns
Terrace cultivation
Rampart
Small temple
Rock inscriptions
LanguageSabaic
ChronologyAccording to inscriptions, the site has been inhabited in the second half of the 1st millennium BC (e.g. DJE 17). The excavated temple (see below) should be dated around the 1st century BC and the 1st century AD.
Archaeological missions1928: Mission of the Hamburg University (C. Rathjens and H. von Wissmann)

MONUMENTS

It is a court temple with a portico on three sides. It measures 28 x 22 m. The columns which were supporting the portico have an octagonal section, their capitals are cuboid and with dentils’ decoration. The area covered by the portico was at a higher level in respect to the central open court. On the two lateral aisles of the portico two rectangular rooms opened, all along the building length. The entrance was on the eastern side. On the side opposite to the entrance, that free from the portico, a cella was 5 m broad. Access to the cella was through a set of steps leading to a covered platform. A big rectangular cistern has been cut under the level of the court and it span from the centre of the court through the external area at N. Two pits are opening into this cistern, one inside the courtyard and one outside the northern lateral wall of the temple.

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NOTES

The site has not abundant traces of a defensive circuit, even if some walls in the NW of the site could be interpreted as ramparts. In the eastern edge, however, two towers have been identified.

RELATED SITES

near al-Jāhīlīya (ḏ-Qʿltm)
near al-Jāhīlīya (ḏ-Qʿltm)

RELATED MATERIAL

Epigraphs
Objects

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Calvet and Robin 1997: 158-159, 200Calvet, Yves and Robin, Christian J. 1997. Arabie heureuse. Arabie déserte. Les antiquités arabiques du Musée du Louvre. Avec la collaboration de Françoise Briquel-Chatonnet and Marielle Pic. Paris: Editions de la Réunion des musées nationaux.
Darles 2001: 44Darles, Christian 2001. Les temples et leurs dieux. Dossiers d'Archéologie, 263/Mai: 44-47.
Doe 1970: 82, 107Doe, D. Brian 1970. Südarabien. Antike Reich am Indischen Ozean. Bergisch Gladbach: Lübbe.
Doe 1983: 166-167Doe, D. Brian 1983. Monuments of South Arabia. (Arabia past and present, 12). Naples: The Falcon Press / Cambridge: The Oleander press.
Doe 1984Doe, D. Brian 1984. Architectural refinements and measure in early South Arabian buildings. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies, 14: 21-31.
Grohmann 1963: 166-168Grohmann, Adolf 1963. Arabien. Iwan von Müller, Walter Otto and Hermann Bengtson (eds), Kulturgeschichte des alten Orients. 3/4. Iwan von Müller, Walter Otto and Hermann Bengtson (eds), Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft. 3/1.3. Munich: C.H. Beck.
Jung 1988: 117-218Jung, Michael 1988. The religious monuments of ancient Southern Arabia. A preliminary typological classification. Annali dell'Istituto Orientale di Napoli, 48: 177-218.
de Maigret 2002: 54-57de Maigret, Alessandro 2002. Arabia Felix. An exploration of the Archaeological history of Yemen. London: Stacey International.
Mordtmann and Mittwoch 1931: 143 ff.Mordtmann, Johannes H. and Mittwoch, Eugen 1931. Sabäische Inschriften. Rathjens-v. Wissmannsche Südarabischen-Reise. 1. Hamburg: Friederichsen, De Gruyter.
Müller, Walter W. 1972 bMüller, Walter W. 1972. Neuentdeckte Sabäische Inschriften aus al-Ḥuqqa. Neue Ephemeris für semitische Epigraphik, 1: 103-121.
Müller, Walter W. and Wissmann 1976Müller, Walter W. and Wissmann, Hermann von 1976. Über die von einem Lavastrom bedrohten Tempel der Stadt Damhān, des heutigen al-Ḥuqqa, im antiken Gau Maʾḏin (Jemen). Anzeiger der phil.-hist. Klasse der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 113: 112-146.
Radt 1971: 263-268Radt, Wolfgang 1971. Bericht über eine Forschungsreise in die Arabische Republik Jemen. Archäologischer Anzeiger: 253-293.
Rathjens and Wissmann 1932: 13-97Rathjens, Carl and Wissmann, Hermann von 1932. Vorislamische Altertümer. Rathjens-v. Wissmannsche Südarabischen-Reise. 2. (Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiet der Auslandskunde; Völkerkunde, Kulturgeschichte und Sprachen, 38/B; 19). Hamburg: Friederichsen, De Gruyter and Co.